Best 5 Driverless CarsPosted On:2017-12-30 Category: Technology Trends
An autonomous car (driverless car, self-driving car, robotic car) is a vehicle that is capable of sensing its environment and navigating without human input. Autonomous vehicles detect surroundings using radar, lidar, GPS, Odometry, and computer vision.The sensory information is then processed to navigate appropriate pathways for the vehicle to take, avoiding any obstacles and also obeying the road signs.
The car uses a digital map, which can be constantly updated according to sensory input. This allows the vehicle to adapt to changing situations, as well as travel through previously unknown territories
No more fantasy, science- fiction, today driverless car is a reality only. Driverless cars are also known as self-driving cars or autonomous cars which are designed purposely in such a way to operate itself without any human assistance
The driverless car has the ability to deal with any traffic conditions as well as other variables to transport the passengers to any desired destinations. Today, most of the automakers are showing interest to develop and also developing the self-driving cars to pick up and drop the people which is expected to release by 2018 to 2020. Today, not all the vehicles are fully automated. Many of these are highly or partially automated, still need driver intervention.
Advantages of driverless cars:
- Parking the vehicle and difficult maneuvering would be less stressful and require no special skills. The car could even just drop you off and then go and park itself.
- People who historically have difficulties with driving, such as disabled people and older citizens, as well as the very young, would be able to experience the freedom of car travel. There would be no need for drivers' licenses or driving tests.
- Autonomous vehicles could bring about a massive reduction in insurance premiums for car owners.
- Efficient travel also means fuel savings, cutting costs.
- Reduced need for safety gaps means that road capacities for vehicles would be significantly increased.
- Passengers should experience a smoother riding experience.
- Self-aware cars would lead to a reduction in car theft.
- Travelers would be able to journey overnight and sleep for the duration.
- Traffic could be coordinated more easily in urban areas to prevent long tailbacks at busy times. Commute times could be reduced drastically.
Disadvantages of driverless cars:
- The cars would rely on the collection of location and user information, creating major privacy concerns.
- Hackers getting into the vehicle's software and controlling or affecting its operation would be a major security worry.
- There are problems currently with autonomous vehicles operating in certain types of weather. Heavy rain interferes with roof-mounted laser sensors, and snow can interfere with its cameras.
- Reading human road signs is challenging for a robot.
- As drivers become more and more used to not driving, their proficiency and experience will diminish. Should they then need to drive under certain circumstances, there may be problems.
- The road system and infrastructure would likely need major upgrades for driverless vehicles to operate on them. Traffic and street lights, for instance, would likely all need altering.
- Ethical problems could arise which a machine might struggle to deal with. Faced with a choice between plowing into a group of schoolchildren or going off a bridge and killing all its passengers, what does the vehicle do? Should the vehicle always swerve to avoid animals in the road or always prioritize the safety and comfort of passengers?
- Human behavior such as hand signals are difficult for a computer to understand. How would the police interact with driverless vehicles
Google has already started developing the driverless car technology in Lexus models and Toyota Prius on the roads of California- Mountain View, since 2009. Google deserves the first place in the ranking of driverless cars that started testing the automated cars earlier than other automakers.
Google has made great strides from its first testing. Its technology has gaind the ability to recognize cyclists, pedestrians, read stop signs and also detect plenty of objects simultaneously. In May-2014, it revealed the plans to make the fully automated car for testing and In the month of January, Google revealed the prototype. The company also hopes to check the prototypes on the public streets in the California in 2015 with the pilot tests to follow on. In fact, Google believes that the driverless cars will improve the road safety significantly and also assist who are blind, disabled or who can’t drive.
Markets have been testing the driverless cars on the public roads of California since 2014 September. In October, Mercedes started testing at the concord Naval weapons stations in San Francisco. In Fact, 2013 August, benz 500 intelligent drive drove 100 kilometers which are fully automated between the German cities of Pforzheim and Mannheim. The concept car of F015 provides the variable seating system with 4 rotating lounge chairs which allows the face-to-face seat configuration.
Nissan is utilizing the electric leaf for different stages of the autonomous car testing at its Atsugi, Japan in Advanced engineering center and Nissan North American silicon valley research center in California. Nissan plans to commercialize the driverless cars in stages, that the car has the capability to navigate the busy city intersections by 2020 without a driver.
Volvo is the legitimate player when it comes to the driverless car sector and it is aggressively pushing forward the automated car efforts. In fact, Juniper Research also notes that the Volvo driveMe project is responsible for the autonomous bus systems which will be expected to launch in the spring of 2016 in Sweden.
Tesla is also giving tough competition to the other automakers by developing self- driving cars. Tesla has made some very impressive progress already. Tesla rolled out semi-autonomous autopilot system in the October that offers Tesla driverless car’s abilities like self-parking, automatic lane change, and highway autosteer
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